ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF MISSOURI BIRDS

Seasonal Status:
PR --Permanent resident; some individuals present year round.
SR --Summer resident; a breeding species, between 1 June and 31 July.
SV --Summer visitor; a non-breeding species, between 1 June and 31 July.
WR --Winter resident; found for long periods between 14 December and 20 February.
WV --Winter visitor; typically present for only short periods between 14 December and 20 February, but sometimes longer.
T --Transient (migrant) in spring and/or fall.

Abundance Status: The abundance status of each species is based on observation in the appropriate habitat(s). Sporadic = numbers fluctuate significantly among years. A species’ status as a transient is not indicated for summer, winter, or permanent residents unless it is different from the status as a resident.

c Common or abundant; observed daily, sometimes in large numbers
u Uncommon; observed fairly often, usually in small numbers
r Rare; more than 15 records; usually observed annually
ca Casual; 5-15 records; a very rare visitor
a Accidental; 1-4 records; a vagrant
[ ] Provisional; one or more records that meet acceptance criteria, but either (a) no definitive state record (i.e., specimen, diagnostic photograph or audio, or multiple acceptable documentations); or (b) provenance uncertain for all records, in the case of Barnacle Goose and American Flamingo.
* Species formerly occurring in Missouri; now extirpated (no longer exists in Missouri)
# Species formerly occurring in Missouri; now extinct (no longer exists anywhere)

Observers are requested to document sightings of species marked "a" or "ca", or not listed on the checklist. Please submit documentation on line at http://mobirds.org, under "MBRC - Documentation Form.” The form also may be printed, completed, and mailed to Bill Rowe, Secretary MBRC, 7414 Kenrick Valley Drive, St. Louis, MO 63119.

Distribution in Missouri: Letters in parentheses (n, sw, e, etc.) indicate general sections of Missouri without specific boundaries. No letters in parentheses indicate that a species is widespread throughout the state. Miss. R. = Mississippi River. Mo. R. = Missouri River.

Note: Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds (1998) and subsequent supplements.  The most current version, called Checklist of North and Middle American Birds under the auspices of the American Ornithological Society, can be found at http://checklist.americanornithology.org/taxa.

428 species with definitive state records (including 3 * species formerly occurring in Missouri and 5 # extinct species) and 11 provisional species, for a total of 439 species.

This checklist first compiled 1967.

Missouri Bird Records Committee members contributing to recent revisions: Lisa Berger, Joseph Eades, William Eddleman, William Goodge, Cory Gregory, Brad Jacobs, Kristi Mayo, Paul McKenzie, Pete Monacell, Mary Nemecek, Mark Robbins, Tommie Rogers, William Rowe, Joshua Uffman, and Walter Wehtje.

**Note: In the table below, clicking on the common name will open a page with detailed species information.

 Common NameLatin NameStatus
1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis T & SV r; SR ca; WV a
2 Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor T & SV r (s), ca (n); SR a (se)
3 Snow Goose Anser caerulescens WR c; SV r; SR a (nw)
4 Ross's Goose Anser rossii WR c; SV r
5 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons WR c; SV r
6 Brant Branta bernicla T ca (fall), a (spring); WV a
7 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis [ ]
8 Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii WR u
9 Canada Goose Branta canadensis PR c
10 Mute Swan Cygnus olor WR u (St. Louis), r (elsewhere); SV r; SR a
11 Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator WR u (local); SR & SV ca; *SR (n)
12 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus WR r
13 Wood Duck Aix sponsa SR c; WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
14 Garganey Spatula querquedula T a
15 Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors T c; SR r; WR ca (extreme n), r (elsewhere)
16 Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera T r (spring), ca (fall); SV a; WV a
17 Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
18 Gadwall Mareca strepera T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
19 Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope T ca
20 American Wigeon Mareca americana T c; SV ca; WR u
21 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos WR c; SR u
22 American Black Duck Anas rubripes WR u
23 Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula T & SV r; [SR]
24 Northern Pintail Anas acuta T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
25 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca T c; SV r (n), ca (elsewhere); WR c (s), r (n)
26 Canvasback Aythya valisineria WR c (Miss. R.); T u (elsewhere); WR r (elsewhere); SV r
27 Redhead Aythya americana T u; SV ca; WR r
28 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris T c; SV r; WR u
29 Greater Scaup Aythya marila WR u (local); SV a (nw)
30 Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis T c; SV r; WR u
31 Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus T ca; WV a
32 Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata T r; WR r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere)
33 White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi WR r
34 Black Scoter Melanitta americana T r; WR ca (Miss. R.)
35 Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis WR r
36 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola T u; SV a; WR u (local)
37 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula WR c, u (se); SV ca
38 Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica T & WV ca
39 Smew Mergellus albellus WV a
40 Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus T c; SR c (se, local), r (elsewhere); WR c (s, local), u (n, local)
41 Common Merganser Mergus merganser WR c, u (se); SV ca
42 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator T u; WR r; SV ca
43 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis T c; SV r; SR a; WR u (s), r (n)
44 Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus PR c
45 Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo PR c
46 Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus PR r (local)
47 Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido PR r (local)
48 Lesser Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus [ ]
49 Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus PR u (n), r (se), ca (elsewhere)
50 American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber [ ]
51 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps T c; WR u (s), r (n); SR u (local)
52 Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus T u; WR u (s), ca (n); SV a
53 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena T r; WV ca
54 Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis T u (w), r (e); WV r; SV ca; *SR (nw)
55 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis T r; SV & WV ca
56 Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii T ca; WV a
57 Rock Pigeon Columba livia PR c
58 Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata T & WV a
59 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto PR u
60 # Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius PR
61 Inca Dove Columbina inca T & WV ca; SR a
62 Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina T & WV ca
63 White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica T & SV r; SR a (se); WV ca
64 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura SR c; WR c (se), u (elsewhere)
65 Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris T ca
66 Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus PR r (s Ozarks)
67 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus SR c; WV a
68 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus T u; SR u (n), r (s)
69 Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor SR c
70 Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii T a; *SR (w)
71 Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis SR u (s), r (n)
72 Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus SR c
73 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica SR c
74 White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis T a
75 Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus SV a
76 Rivoli's Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens SV a
77 Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris SR c; WV a
78 Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri T a
79 Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna T & WV ca
80 Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope T a
81 Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus T & WR r
82 Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin T a
83 Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus SV a
84 Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris T a
85 King Rail Rallus elegans SR r (local); WV a
86 Virginia Rail Rallus limicola T u; SR r; WR r (local), a (elsewhere)
87 Sora Porzana carolina T c; SR & SV r; WR r (c, local); WV a (elsewhere)
88 Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata SR r
89 American Coot Fulica americana T c; SR u; WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
90 Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus T & SV r (se), ca (elsewhere); WV a
91 Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis T r
92 Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis T ca; SV a
93 Limpkin Aramus guarauna T & SV ca
94 Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis WR r; SV r (n), a (s); SR r (n)
95 Whooping Crane Grus americana T ca
96 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus SR c (se, local), r (Miss. R.), a (nw); T & SV r (elsewhere)
97 American Avocet Recurvirostra americana T u; WV a; SR a (nw)
98 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola T u; WV a
99 American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica T c
100 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
101 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus T c
102 Piping Plover Charadrius melodus T r
103 Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia T a
104 Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus [ ]
105 Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus T r (nw), ca (elsewhere) (spring); a (fall)
106 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda T u; SR u (n & w)
107 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus T r (spring), ca (fall)
108 # Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis T (spring)
109 Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus T ca (w), a (e)
110 Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica T u (w), r (e) (spring); r (fall)
111 Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa T r
112 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres T u
113 Red Knot Calidris canutus T r
114 Ruff Calidris pugnax T r
115 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata [ ]
116 Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus T u (spring), c (fall)
117 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea T a
118 Red-necked/Little Stint Calidris ruficollis/minuta T a
119 Sanderling Calidris alba T u
120 Dunlin Calidris alpina T u; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
121 Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii T u; WV a
122 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla T c; WV r
123 White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis T c (spring), r (fall)
124 Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis T r (w), ca (e) (spring); T u (fall)
125 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos T c; WV a
126 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla T c
127 Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri T r (spring), u (fall)
128 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus T u
129 Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus T u; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
130 American Woodcock Scolopax minor SR u; WR r (s, c)
131 Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata T c; WR r
132 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius T c; SR u; WV a
133 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria T c
134 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes T c; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
135 Willet Tringa semipalmata T u (w), r (e)
136 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca T c; WV r (s), ca (n, c)
137 Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor T c (w), u (e); SR a (nw)
138 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus T r; [WV]
139 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius T ca (spring), r (fall)
140 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus T ca
141 Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus T ca
142 Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus T ca
143 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla T & WV r
144 Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea WV a
145 Sabine's Gull Xema sabini T r (fall only)
146 Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia T c; SV a; WR u (s, local), r (n)
147 Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus T a
148 Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus T r; WV a
149 Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea WV a
150 Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla T r; SV r (Miss. R.), a (elsewhere); WV ca
151 Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan T c (w), u (e); SV r; WV r
152 Short-billed Gull Larus brachyrhynchus T a
153 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis T c; SV u (Miss. R.), r (elsewhere); WR c (s), u (n)
154 California Gull Larus californicus T & WV r; SV a
155 Herring Gull Larus argentatus T c; SV r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere); WR c (n Miss. R.), u (s Miss. R.), r (elsewhere)
156 Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides WR r
157 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus WR r; SV a
158 Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus WV a
159 Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens WV a
160 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus WR r
161 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus WR r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere)
162 Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus T a
163 Least Tern Sternula antillarum T & SV r; SR u (lower Miss. R.)
164 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia T u
165 Black Tern Chlidonias niger T c (w), u (e); *SR
166 Common Tern Sterna hirundo T u
167 Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri T c; WV a
168 Black Skimmer Rhynchops niger T a
169 Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata T r; WV ca
170 Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica T r (fall), ca (spring); SV a; WV ca
171 Common Loon Gavia immer T u; SV r; WR u (s)
172 Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii T & WV a
173 Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Hydrobates castro T a
174 Wood Stork Mycteria americana SV ca
175 Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens T a
176 Brown Booby Sula leucogaster T a
177 Anhinga Anhinga anhinga T & SV r (se), a (elsewhere); *SR (se)
178 Double-crested Cormorant Nannopterum auritum T c; SR r; SV u; WR r
179 Neotropic Cormorant Nannopterum brasilianum T & SV r; WV a
180 American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos T c; SV & WV u (local)
181 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis T & SV ca; WV a
182 American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus T u; SR r; WV ca
183 Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis SR u (local)
184 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias SR c; WR u
185 Great Egret Ardea alba SR u (local); SV c; WV r
186 Snowy Egret Egretta thula T & SV u; SR r (se)
187 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea T & SV u; SR c (se, local), a (elsewhere)
188 Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor T & SV r
189 Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens [ ]
190 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis T & SV u; SR c (se, local), ca (elsewhere); WV a
191 Green Heron Butorides virescens SR c; WV ca
192 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax T & SV u; SR u (se), ca (elsewhere); WV ca (s), a (n)
193 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea SR u (local)
194 White Ibis Eudocimus albus T & SV r (s,c), ca (n)
195 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus T & SV r; SR a (se)
196 White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi T u (nw), r (elsewhere); SV r; WV ca
197 Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja T & SV r
198 Black Vulture Coragyps atratus PR u (s,c, local); a (n)
199 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura SR c; WR u (s & c), a (n)
200 Osprey Pandion haliaetus T u; SV & SR r; WV r
201 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus T & SV ca
202 Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus T & SV r; *SR
203 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos WR r
204 Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius WR c; SR r
205 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus WR u; SR r (s)
206 Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii PR u
207 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis WR r (sporadic)
208 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus WR c (large rivers & lakes), u (elsewhere); SR u (local)
209 Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis SR u (local)
210 Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus WV a
211 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus PR c (s), u (n)
212 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus T c; SR u (s), r (n)
213 Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni T u (w), r (e); SR r (w); SV a (e,c)
214 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis PR c
215 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus WR u (sporadic)
216 Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis T & WV r (w), ca (e,c)
217 Barn Owl Tyto alba PR r
218 Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio PR c
219 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus PR c
220 Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus WR r (sporadic)
221 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia T r (w), a (e); SR (nw) a; WV a
222 Barred Owl Strix varia PR c
223 Long-eared Owl Asio otus WR u; SR r (n)
224 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus WR u; SR r (n & w), a (se)
225 Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus WR r; SR a
226 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon SR u; WR u (s), r (n)
227 Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis T & WV a
228 Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus SR c; WR c (s, local), r (n)
229 Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus PR c
230 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius T u; WR u (s), r (n); *SR (ne)
231 Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus [ ]
232 Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens PR c
233 * Red-cockaded Woodpecker Dryobates borealis * PR (se Ozarks)
234 Hairy Woodpecker Dryobates villosus PR u
235 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus PR c
236 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus PR c (Ozarks), r (nw), u (elsewhere)
237 # Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis PR (se)
238 Crested Caracara Caracara plancus T a
239 American Kestrel Falco sparverius WR c; SR c, u (Ozarks)
240 Merlin Falco columbarius T u; WR r
241 Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus T & WV ca
242 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus T u; PR r
243 Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus WR r
244 # Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis PR
245 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus SR c
246 Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus T a
247 Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis SR u (nw, wc), r (elsewhere)
248 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus SR c
249 Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis T a
250 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus SR u (sw, wc), r (se), ca (n); T c (sw), r (elsewhere); WV a
251 Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana T a
252 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi T u
253 Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus SV a
254 Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens SR c
255 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris T u (e), r (w)
256 Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens SR c (s), u (n)
257 Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum T c (w), u (e)
258 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii SR u
259 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus T c; SV & SR a; WV a
260 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe SR c, r (se); WR r (s,c), ca (n)
261 Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya T & WV r
262 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus T r; WV a
263 White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus SR c (s), r (n); WV a
264 Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii SR u (n & w), r (elsewhere)
265 Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons SR u
266 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius T u; WV ca
267 Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus T u
268 Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus SR c, u (Ozarks); WV a
269 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus SR c
270 Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus PR u (w & se), r (elsewhere)
271 Northern Shrike Lanius borealis WR r; ca (Ozarks, se)
272 Canada Jay Perisoreus canadensis [ ]
273 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata PR c
274 Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana T & WV ca
275 Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia T & WV a; *SR a (nw)
276 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos PR c
277 Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus SR c (s & c rivers, local); WR r (se), ca (elsewhere)
278 * Common Raven Corvus corax * PR
279 Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis PR c (s); WV a (n)
280 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus PR c (n); WV a (s)
281 Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor PR c
282 Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris PR c, u (Ozarks)
283 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia SR c (local), r (Ozarks)
284 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor T c; SR u (local); WV ca
285 Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina [ ]
286 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis SR c
287 Purple Martin Progne subis SR c
288 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica SR c; WV a
289 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota SR c (local)
290 Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva T a
291 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Corthylio calendula T c; WR u (s), r (n)
292 Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa T c; WR u
293 Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus T & WV ca (n)
294 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum T c; SR u; WR u
295 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis WR u (sporadic); SR a
296 White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis PR c
297 * Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla * PR (se Ozarks)
298 Brown Creeper Certhia americana T c; WR u; SR ca (s)
299 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea SR c; WV a
300 Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus T ca; SV a; WV ca
301 House Wren Troglodytes aedon SR c, u (se); WR r (s), ca (n, c)
302 Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis T u; WR u (s), r (n); SV a
303 Sedge Wren Cistothorus stellaris T u; SR u (n, w), r (elsewhere); WR r (s), ca (n, c)
304 Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris T u; SR r (n), a (s); WV r
305 Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus PR c
306 Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii SR u (s), r (n); WR r (s)
307 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis SR c; WR r (s, c), ca (n)
308 Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum SR c; WR u (s), r (n & c)
309 Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus T & WV a
310 Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos SR c, u (extreme n); WR u (s & c), r (n)
311 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris PR c
312 Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
313 Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides T & WV r (w,c), a (e)
314 Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi T a (spring); WR r (nw), ca (elsewhere)
315 Veery Catharus fuscescens T u (e), r (w)
316 Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus T u
317 Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus T c
318 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus T u; WR u (s & c), r (n)
319 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina SR c
320 American Robin Turdus migratorius SR c; WR c (s, local), r (n)
321 Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius WR & WV r
322 House Sparrow Passer domesticus PR c
323 Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus PR c (St. Louis & north along Miss. R.), r (ne, nc), ca (elsewhere)
324 American Pipit Anthus rubescens T u; WV r (s, c), ca (n)
325 Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii T r (w), a (e); WV a (sw)
326 Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus WV r (sporadic); SV a
327 Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator T & WV ca (n), a (s)
328 Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata WV a
329 House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus PR u
330 Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus T c; WR u; SV a
331 Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea WR r (mostly n, sporadic)
332 Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni WV a
333 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra WR r (sporadic); SV ca
334 White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera WR r (sporadic); SV a
335 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus WR u (sporadic); SR ca; SV r
336 Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria T & WV ca
337 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis PR c
338 Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus T c; WR u, r (Ozarks)
339 Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus T r (w), a (e); WV a (e)
340 Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus T u (w), r (e); WR r (sw)
341 Thick-billed Longspur Rhyncophanes mccownii T & WV a
342 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis WR r (n), a (s)
343 Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii [ ]
344 Bachman's Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis SR ca (s Ozarks)
345 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum SR c (local), r (se); WV a
346 Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata WV a (nw)
347 Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus SR u; WV a (sw)
348 Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys T r (w), a (e); SR & SV a (nw); WV a
349 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina SR c; WR r (s,c), ca (n)
350 Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida T u (w), r (e); WV a
351 Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
352 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca T c (e), u (w); WR u (s,c), r (n)
353 American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea WR c (n & w), u (elsewhere)
354 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis WR c; SV ca
355 White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys WR c; SV ca
356 Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla T & WV ca
357 Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula T c (w), r (e); WR u (w), r (e); SV a
358 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis WR c; SV r
359 Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus T u; SR r (n), ca (s); WR r (s), ca (n)
360 LeConte's Sparrow Ammospiza leconteii T c (w), u (e); WR u (s), r (n)
361 Nelson's Sparrow Ammospiza nelsoni T r (spring), u (fall)
362 Baird's Sparrow Centronyx bairdii [ ]
363 Henslow's Sparrow Centronyx henslowii SR u (local)
364 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis T c; SV ca; SR ca; WR u (s), r (n)
365 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia SR c (n), u (se), r (elsewhere); WR c
366 Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii T c (w), u (e); WR r; SV a
367 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana T c; *SR (n); WR u
368 Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus T & WV ca
369 Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus T u (w), r (e); WR r (primarily w)
370 Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus SR c, u (se); WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
371 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens SR c (s), u (n); WV a
372 Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus SR c (nw, local), ca (elsewhere); T u (w), r (e); WR r (nw), ca (elsewhere)
373 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus T u; SR u (n), r (wc)
374 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna PR c
375 Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta PR c (nw); SR r (wc), ca (elsewhere); WR c (wc), u (elsewhere, local)
376 Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius SR c
377 Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus T a
378 Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii T & WV a
379 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula SR c (n), u (s); WV r
380 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus PR c
381 Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus WV a
382 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater SR c; WR u
383 Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus T c; WR u (s), r (n)
384 Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus T u; WR r
385 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula SR c; WR c (s), u (n)
386 Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus PR u (w & c, local); T & WV r (e)
387 Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla T c; SR u (s), r (n)
388 Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum SR u (s), r (n)
389 Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla SR c (s), u (n)
390 Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis T c
391 # Bachman's Warbler Vermivora bachmanii SR (se)
392 Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera T u; *SR e
393 Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera SR u (s), r (n)
394 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia T c; SR u (s), r (n); WV a
395 Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea SR c (s), u (n, local)
396 Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii SR r (extreme s); T & SV ca (elsewhere)
397 Tennessee Warbler Leiothlypis peregrina T c
398 Orange-crowned Warbler Leiothlypis celata T c (w), u (e); WV r (s, c), ca (n)
399 Nashville Warbler Leiothlypis ruficapilla T c; WV a (e)
400 Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis T r
401 MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei T a
402 Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia T u
403 Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa SR c (s), u (n)
404 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas SR c; WR r
405 Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina SR u (s), r (nw), ca (nc,ne); T r (n)
406 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla SR c; WV a
407 Kirtland's Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii T a (e)
408 Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina T u (e), r (w); WV ca
409 Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea SR c (s Ozarks), u (ec, wc), r (elsewhere)
410 Northern Parula Setophaga americana SR c; WV a
411 Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia T c; SV a
412 Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea T u
413 Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca T u
414 Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia T c; SR c (n), u (s, local)
415 Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica T c; SR ca (e)
416 Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata T c (spring), ca (fall)
417 Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens T r
418 Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum T c (e), u (w); WV r (s,c)
419 Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus SR c (Ozarks, local), r (elsewhere); WR r (s,c), a (n)
420 Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata T c; WR c (s), u (c), r (n); SV a
421 Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica SR c (s), r (n); WV a
422 Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor SR u (s,c), ca (ne); T a (n)
423 Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi T a
424 Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis WV a
425 Golden-cheeked Warbler Setophaga chrysoparia T a
426 Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens T c; SV ca; SR a
427 Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis T u; SV a (sw)
428 Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla T c
429 Summer Tanager Piranga rubra SR c (s), u (n); WV ca
430 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea T c; SR u; WV a
431 Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana T ca; WV a
432 Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis PR c
433 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus T c; SR c (n), ca (s); SV r (s); WV ca
434 Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus T r; WV a
435 Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea SR c (s), u (n); WV a
436 Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena T r (nw), ca (elsewhere) (spring); a (fall); SV & WV a
437 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea SR c; WV r (s,c), a (n)
438 Painted Bunting Passerina ciris T & SV r; SR r (sw), a (elsewhere)
439 Dickcissel Spiza americana SR c; WR r