ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF MISSOURI BIRDS

Seasonal Status:
PR --Permanent resident; some individuals present year round.
SR --Summer resident; a breeding species, between 1 June and 31 July.
SV --Summer visitor; a non-breeding species, between 1 June and 31 July.
WR --Winter resident; found for long periods between 14 December and 20 February.
WV --Winter visitor; typically present for only short periods between 14 December and 20 February, but sometimes longer.
T --Transient (migrant) in spring and/or fall.

Abundance Status: The abundance status of each species is based on observation in the appropriate habitat(s). Sporadic = numbers fluctuate significantly among years. A species’ status as a transient is not indicated for summer, winter, or permanent residents unless it is different from the status as a resident.

c Common or abundant; observed daily, sometimes in large numbers
u Uncommon; observed fairly often, usually in small numbers
r Rare; more than 15 records; usually observed annually
ca Casual; 5-15 records; a very rare visitor
a Accidental; 1-4 records; a vagrant
[ ] Provisional; one or more records that meet acceptance criteria, but either (a) no definitive state record (i.e., specimen, diagnostic photograph or audio, or multiple acceptable documentations); or (b) provenance uncertain for all records, in the case of Barnacle Goose and American Flamingo.
* Species formerly occurring in Missouri; now extirpated (no longer exists in Missouri)
# Species formerly occurring in Missouri; now extinct (no longer exists anywhere)

Observers are requested to document sightings of species marked "a" or "ca", or not listed on the checklist. Please submit documentation on line at http://mobirds.org, under "MBRC - Documentation Form.” The form also may be printed, completed, and mailed to Bill Rowe, Secretary MBRC, 7414 Kenrick Valley Drive, St. Louis, MO 63119.

Distribution in Missouri: Letters in parentheses (n, sw, e, etc.) indicate general sections of Missouri without specific boundaries. No letters in parentheses indicate that a species is widespread throughout the state. Miss. R. = Mississippi River. Mo. R. = Missouri River.

Note: Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds (1998) and subsequent supplements.  The most current version, called Checklist of North and Middle American Birds under the auspices of the American Ornithological Society, can be found at http://checklist.americanornithology.org/taxa.

427 species with definitive state records (including 3 * species formerly occurring in Missouri and 5 # extinct species) and 11 provisional species, for a total of 438 species.

This checklist first compiled 1967.

Missouri Bird Records Committee members contributing to recent revisions: Lisa Berger, Joseph Eades, William Eddleman, William Goodge, Brad Jacobs, Kristi Mayo, Paul McKenzie, Pete Monacell, Mary Nemecek, Mark Robbins, Tommie Rogers, William Rowe, Joshua Uffman, and Walter Wehtje.

**Note: In the table below, clicking on the common name will open a page with detailed species information.

 Common NameLatin NameStatus
1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis T & SV r; SR ca; WV a
2 Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor T & SV r (s), ca (n); SR a (se)
3 Snow Goose Anser caerulescens WR c; SV r; SR a (nw)
4 Ross's Goose Anser rossii WR c; SV ca
5 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons WR c; SV ca
6 Brant Branta bernicla T ca (fall), a (spring); WV a
7 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis [ ]
8 Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii WR u
9 Canada Goose Branta canadensis PR c
10 Mute Swan Cygnus olor WR u (St. Louis), r (elsewhere); SV r; SR a
11 Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator WR u (local); SR & SV ca; *SR (n)
12 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus WR r
13 Wood Duck Aix sponsa SR c; WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
14 Garganey Spatula querquedula T a
15 Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors T c; SR r; WR ca (extreme n), r (elsewhere)
16 Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera T r (spring), ca (fall); SV a; WV a
17 Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
18 Gadwall Mareca strepera T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
19 Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope T ca
20 American Wigeon Mareca americana T c; SV ca; WR u
21 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos WR c; SR u
22 American Black Duck Anas rubripes WR u
23 Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula T & SV r; [SR]
24 Northern Pintail Anas acuta T c; SR a (nw); SV r; WR u
25 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca T c; SV r (n), ca (elsewhere); WR c (s), r (n)
26 Canvasback Aythya valisineria WR c (Miss. R.); T u (elsewhere); WR r (elsewhere); SV r
27 Redhead Aythya americana T u; SV ca; WR r
28 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris T c; SV r; WR u
29 Greater Scaup Aythya marila WR u (local); SV a (nw)
30 Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis T c; SV r; WR u
31 Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus T ca; WV a
32 Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata T r; WR r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere)
33 White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi WR r
34 Black Scoter Melanitta americana T r; WR ca (Miss. R.)
35 Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis WR r
36 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola T u; SV a; WR u (local)
37 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula WR c, u (se); SV ca
38 Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica T & WV ca
39 Smew Mergellus albellus WV a
40 Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus T c; SR c (se, local), r (elsewhere); WR c (s, local), u (n, local)
41 Common Merganser Mergus merganser WR c, u (se); SV ca
42 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator T u; WR r; SV ca
43 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis T c; SV r; SR a; WR u (s), r (n)
44 Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus PR c
45 Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo PR c
46 Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus PR r (local)
47 Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido PR r (local)
48 Lesser Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus [ ]
49 Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus PR u (n), r (se), ca (elsewhere)
50 American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber [ ]
51 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps T c; WR u (s), r (n); SR u (local)
52 Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus T u; WR u (s), ca (n); SV a
53 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena T r; WV ca
54 Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis T u (w), r (e); WV r; SV ca; *SR (nw)
55 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis T r; SV & WV ca
56 Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii T ca; WV a
57 Rock Pigeon Columba livia PR c
58 Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata T & WV a
59 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto PR u
60 # Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius PR
61 Inca Dove Columbina inca T & WV ca; SR a
62 Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina T & WV ca
63 White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica T & SV r; SR a (se); WV ca
64 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura SR c; WR c (se), u (elsewhere)
65 Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris T ca
66 Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus PR r (s Ozarks)
67 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus SR c; WV a
68 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus T u; SR u (n), r (s)
69 Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor SR c
70 Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii T a; *SR (w)
71 Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis SR u (s), r (n)
72 Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus SR c
73 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica SR c
74 White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis T a
75 Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus SV a
76 Rivoli's Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens SV a
77 Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris SR c; WV a
78 Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri T a
79 Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna T & WV ca
80 Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope T a
81 Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus T & WR r
82 Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin T a
83 Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus SV a
84 Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris T a
85 King Rail Rallus elegans SR r (local); WV a
86 Virginia Rail Rallus limicola T u; SR r; WR r (c, local)
87 Sora Porzana carolina T c; SR & SV r; WR r (c, local); WV a (elsewhere)
88 Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata SR r
89 American Coot Fulica americana T c; SR u; WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
90 Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus T & SV r (se), ca (elsewhere); WV a
91 Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis T r
92 Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis T ca; SV a
93 Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis WR r; SV r (n), a (s); SR r (n)
94 Whooping Crane Grus americana T ca
95 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus SR c (se, local), r (Miss. R.), a (nw); T r (elsewhere)
96 American Avocet Recurvirostra americana T u; WV a; SR a (nw)
97 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola T u; WV a
98 American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica T c
99 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
100 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus T c
101 Piping Plover Charadrius melodus T r
102 Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia T a
103 Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus [ ]
104 Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus T r (nw), ca (elsewhere) (spring); a (fall)
105 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda T u; SR u (n & w)
106 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus T r (spring), ca (fall)
107 # Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis T (spring)
108 Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus T ca (w), a (e)
109 Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica T u (w), r (e) (spring); r (fall)
110 Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa T r
111 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres T u
112 Red Knot Calidris canutus T r
113 Ruff Calidris pugnax T r
114 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata [ ]
115 Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus T u (spring), c (fall)
116 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea T a
117 Red-necked/Little Stint Calidris ruficollis/minuta T a
118 Sanderling Calidris alba T u
119 Dunlin Calidris alpina T u; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
120 Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii T u; WV a
121 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla T c; WV r
122 White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis T c (spring), r (fall)
123 Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis T r (w), ca (e) (spring); T u (fall)
124 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos T c; WV a
125 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla T c
126 Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri T r (spring), u (fall)
127 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus T u
128 Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus T u; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
129 American Woodcock Scolopax minor SR u; WR r (s, c)
130 Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata T c; WR r
131 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius T c; SR u; WV a
132 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria T c
133 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes T c; WV r (extreme se), a (elsewhere)
134 Willet Tringa semipalmata T u (w), r (e)
135 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca T c; WV r (s), ca (n, c)
136 Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor T c (w), u (e); SR a (nw)
137 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus T r; [WV]
138 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius T ca (spring), r (fall)
139 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus T ca
140 Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus T ca
141 Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus T ca
142 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla T & WV r
143 Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea WV a
144 Sabine's Gull Xema sabini T r (fall only)
145 Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia T c; SV a; WR u (s, local), r (n)
146 Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus T a
147 Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus T r; WV a
148 Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea WV a
149 Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla T r; SV r (Miss. R.), a (elsewhere); WV ca
150 Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan T c (w), u (e); SV r; WV r
151 Short-billed Gull Larus brachyrhynchus T a
152 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis T c; SV u (Miss. R.), r (elsewhere); WR c (s), u (n)
153 California Gull Larus californicus T & WV r
154 Herring Gull Larus argentatus T c; SV r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere); WR c (n Miss. R.), u (s Miss. R.), r (elsewhere)
155 Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides WR r
156 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus WR r; SV a
157 Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus WV a
158 Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens WV a
159 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus WR r
160 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus WR r (Miss. R.), ca (elsewhere)
161 Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus T a
162 Least Tern Sternula antillarum T & SV r; SR u (lower Miss. R.)
163 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia T u
164 Black Tern Chlidonias niger T c (w), u (e); *SR
165 Common Tern Sterna hirundo T u
166 Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri T c; WV a
167 Black Skimmer Rhynchops niger T a
168 Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata T r; WV ca
169 Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica T r (fall), ca (spring); SV a; WV ca
170 Common Loon Gavia immer T u; SV r; WR u (s)
171 Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii T & WV a
172 Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Hydrobates castro T a
173 Wood Stork Mycteria americana SV ca
174 Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens T a
175 Brown Booby Sula leucogaster T a
176 Anhinga Anhinga anhinga T & SV r (se), a (elsewhere); *SR (se)
177 Double-crested Cormorant Nannopterum auritum T c; SR r; SV u; WR r
178 Neotropic Cormorant Nannopterum brasilianum T & SV r; WV a
179 American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos T c; SV & WV u (local)
180 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis T & SV ca; WV a
181 American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus T u; SR r; WV ca
182 Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis SR u (local)
183 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias SR c; WR u
184 Great Egret Ardea alba SR u (local); SV c; WV r
185 Snowy Egret Egretta thula T & SV u; SR r (se)
186 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea T & SV u; SR c (se, local), a (elsewhere)
187 Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor T & SV r
188 Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens [ ]
189 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis T & SV u; SR c (se, local), ca (elsewhere); WV a
190 Green Heron Butorides virescens SR c; WV ca
191 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax T & SV u; SR u (se), ca (elsewhere); WV ca (s), a (n)
192 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea SR u (local)
193 White Ibis Eudocimus albus T & SV r (s,c), ca (n)
194 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus T & SV r; SR a (se)
195 White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi T u (nw), r (elsewhere); SV r; WV ca
196 Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja T & SV r
197 Black Vulture Coragyps atratus PR u (s,c, local); a (n)
198 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura SR c; WR u (s & c), a (n)
199 Osprey Pandion haliaetus T u; SV & SR r; WV r
200 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus T & SV ca
201 Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus T & SV r; *SR
202 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos WR r
203 Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius WR c; SR r
204 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus WR u; SR r (s)
205 Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii PR u
206 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis WR r (sporadic)
207 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus WR c (large rivers & lakes), u (elsewhere); SR u (local)
208 Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis SR u (local)
209 Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus WV a
210 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus PR c (s), u (n)
211 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus T c; SR u (s), r (n)
212 Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni T u (w), r (e); SR r (w); SV a (e)
213 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis PR c
214 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus WR u (sporadic)
215 Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis T & WV r (w), ca (e)
216 Barn Owl Tyto alba PR r
217 Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio PR c
218 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus PR c
219 Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus WR r (sporadic)
220 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia T r (w), a (e); SR (nw) a; WV a
221 Barred Owl Strix varia PR c
222 Long-eared Owl Asio otus WR u; SR r (n)
223 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus WR u; SR r (n & w), a (se)
224 Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus WR r; SR a
225 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon SR u; WR u (s), r (n)
226 Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis T & WV a
227 Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus SR c; WR c (s, local), r (n)
228 Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus PR c
229 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius T u; WR u (s), r (n); *SR (ne)
230 Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus [ ]
231 Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens PR c
232 * Red-cockaded Woodpecker Dryobates borealis * PR (se Ozarks)
233 Hairy Woodpecker Dryobates villosus PR u
234 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus PR c
235 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus PR c (Ozarks), r (nw), u (elsewhere)
236 # Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis PR (se)
237 Crested Caracara Caracara plancus T a
238 American Kestrel Falco sparverius WR c; SR c, u (Ozarks)
239 Merlin Falco columbarius T u; WR r
240 Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus T & WV ca
241 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus T u; PR r
242 Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus WR r
243 # Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis PR
244 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus SR c
245 Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus T a
246 Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis SR u (nw, wc), r (elsewhere)
247 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus SR c
248 Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis T a
249 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus SR u (sw, wc), r (se), ca (n); T c (sw), r (elsewhere); WV a
250 Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana T a
251 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi T u
252 Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus SV a
253 Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens SR c
254 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris T u (e), r (w)
255 Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens SR c (s), u (n)
256 Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum T c (w), u (e)
257 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii SR u
258 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus T c; SV a; SR a
259 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe SR c, r (se); WR r (s,c), ca (n)
260 Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya T & WV r
261 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus T ca; WV a
262 White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus SR c (s), r (n); WV a
263 Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii SR u (n & w), r (elsewhere)
264 Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons SR u
265 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius T u; WV ca
266 Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus T u
267 Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus SR c, u (Ozarks); WV a
268 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus SR c
269 Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus PR u (w & se), r (elsewhere)
270 Northern Shrike Lanius borealis WR r; a (Ozarks, se)
271 Canada Jay Perisoreus canadensis [ ]
272 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata PR c
273 Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana T & WV ca
274 Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia T & WV a; *SR a (nw)
275 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos PR c
276 Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus SR c (s & c rivers, local); WR r (se), ca (elsewhere)
277 * Common Raven Corvus corax * PR
278 Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis PR c (s); WV a (n)
279 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus PR c (n); WV a (s)
280 Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor PR c
281 Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris PR c, u (Ozarks)
282 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia SR c (local), r (Ozarks)
283 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor T c; SR u (local); WV ca
284 Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina [ ]
285 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis SR c
286 Purple Martin Progne subis SR c
287 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica SR c; WV a
288 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota SR c (local)
289 Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva T a
290 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Corthylio calendula T c; WR u (s), r (n)
291 Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa T c; WR u
292 Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus T & WV ca (n)
293 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum T c; SR u; WR u
294 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis WR u (sporadic); SR a
295 White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis PR c
296 * Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla * PR (se Ozarks)
297 Brown Creeper Certhia americana T c; WR u; SR ca (s)
298 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea SR c; WV a
299 Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus T ca; SV a; WV ca
300 House Wren Troglodytes aedon SR c, u (se); WR r (s), ca (n, c)
301 Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis T u; WR u (s), r (n); SV a
302 Sedge Wren Cistothorus stellaris T u; SR u (n, w), r (elsewhere); WR r (s), ca (n, c)
303 Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris T u; SR r (n), a (s); WV r
304 Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus PR c
305 Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii SR u (s), r (n); WR r (s)
306 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis SR c; WR r (s, c), ca (n)
307 Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum SR c; WR u (s), r (n & c)
308 Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus T & WV a
309 Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos SR c, u (extreme n); WR u (s & c), r (n)
310 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris PR c
311 Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
312 Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides T & WV r
313 Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi T a (spring); WR r (nw), ca (elsewhere)
314 Veery Catharus fuscescens T u (e), r (w)
315 Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus T u
316 Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus T c
317 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus T u; WR u (s & c), r (n)
318 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina SR c
319 American Robin Turdus migratorius SR c; WR c (s, local), r (n)
320 Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius WR & WV r
321 House Sparrow Passer domesticus PR c
322 Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus PR c (St. Louis & north along Miss. R.), r (ne, nc), ca (elsewhere)
323 American Pipit Anthus rubescens T u; WV r (s, c), ca (n)
324 Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii T r (w), a (e); WV a (sw)
325 Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus WV r (sporadic); SV a
326 Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator T & WV ca (n), a (s)
327 Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata WV a
328 House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus PR u
329 Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus T c; WR u
330 Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea WR r (mostly n, sporadic)
331 Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni WV a
332 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra WR r (sporadic); SV ca
333 White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera WR r (sporadic); SV a
334 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus WR u (sporadic); SR ca; SV r
335 Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria T & WV ca
336 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis PR c
337 Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus T c; WR u, r (Ozarks)
338 Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus T r (w), a (e); WV a (e)
339 Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus T u (w), r (e); WR r (sw)
340 Thick-billed Longspur Rhyncophanes mccownii T & WV a
341 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis WR r (n), a (s)
342 Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii [ ]
343 Bachman's Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis SR ca (s Ozarks)
344 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum SR c (local), r (se); WV a
345 Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata WV a (nw)
346 Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus SR u; WV a (sw)
347 Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys T & WV ca; SR a (nw)
348 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina SR c; WR r (s,c), ca (n)
349 Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida T u (w), r (e); WV a
350 Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla SR c; WR u (s), r (n)
351 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca T c (e), u (w); WR u (s,c), r (n)
352 American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea WR c (n & w), u (elsewhere)
353 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis WR c; SV ca
354 White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys WR c; SV ca
355 Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla T & WV ca
356 Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula T c (w), r (e); WR u (w), r (e); SV a
357 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis WR c; SV r
358 Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus T u; SR r (n), ca (s); WR r (s), ca (n)
359 LeConte's Sparrow Ammospiza leconteii T c (w), u (e); WR u (s), r (n)
360 Nelson's Sparrow Ammospiza nelsoni T r (spring), u (fall)
361 Baird's Sparrow Centronyx bairdii [ ]
362 Henslow's Sparrow Centronyx henslowii SR u (local)
363 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis T c; SV ca; SR ca; WR u (s), r (n)
364 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia SR c (n), u (se), r (elsewhere); WR c
365 Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii T c (w), u (e); WR r; SV a
366 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana T c; *SR (n); WR u
367 Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus T & WV ca
368 Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus T u (w), r (e); WR r (primarily w)
369 Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus SR c, u (se); WR u (se), r (elsewhere)
370 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens SR c (s), u (n); WV a
371 Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus SR c (nw, local), ca (elsewhere); T u (w), r (e); WR r (nw), ca (elsewhere)
372 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus T u; SR u (n), r (wc)
373 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna PR c
374 Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta PR c (nw); SR r (wc), ca (elsewhere); WR c (wc), u (elsewhere, local)
375 Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius SR c
376 Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus T a
377 Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii T & WV a
378 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula SR c (n), u (s); WV r
379 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus PR c
380 Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus WV a
381 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater SR c; WR u
382 Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus T c; WR u (s), r (n)
383 Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus T u; WR r
384 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula SR c; WR c (s), u (n)
385 Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus PR u (w & c, local); T & WV r (e)
386 Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla T c; SR u (s), r (n)
387 Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum SR u (s), r (n)
388 Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla SR c (s), u (n)
389 Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis T c
390 # Bachman's Warbler Vermivora bachmanii SR (se)
391 Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera T u; *SR e
392 Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera SR u (s), r (n)
393 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia T c; SR u (s), r (n); WV a
394 Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea SR c (s), u (n, local)
395 Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii SR r (extreme s); T & SV ca (elsewhere)
396 Tennessee Warbler Leiothlypis peregrina T c
397 Orange-crowned Warbler Leiothlypis celata T c (w), u (e); WV r (s, c), ca (n)
398 Nashville Warbler Leiothlypis ruficapilla T c; WV a (e)
399 Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis T r
400 MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei T a
401 Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia T u
402 Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa SR c (s), u (n)
403 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas SR c; WR r
404 Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina SR u (s), r (nw), ca (nc,ne); T r (n)
405 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla SR c; WV a
406 Kirtland's Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii T a (e)
407 Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina T u (e), r (w); WV ca
408 Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea SR c (s Ozarks), u (ec, wc), r (elsewhere)
409 Northern Parula Setophaga americana SR c; WV a
410 Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia T c; SV a
411 Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea T u
412 Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca T u
413 Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia T c; SR c (n), u (s, local)
414 Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica T c; SR ca (e)
415 Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata T c (spring), ca (fall)
416 Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens T r
417 Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum T c (e), u (w); WV r (s)
418 Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus SR c (Ozarks, local), r (elsewhere); WR r (s,c)
419 Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata T c; WR c (s), u (c), r (n); SV a
420 Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica SR c (s), r (n); WV a
421 Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor SR u (s,c), ca (ne); T a (n)
422 Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi T a
423 Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis WV a
424 Golden-cheeked Warbler Setophaga chrysoparia T a
425 Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens T c; SV ca; SR a
426 Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis T u; SV a (sw)
427 Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla T c
428 Summer Tanager Piranga rubra SR c (s), u (n); WV ca
429 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea T c; SR u; WV a
430 Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana T ca; WV a
431 Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis PR c
432 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus T c; SR c (n), ca (s); WV ca
433 Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus T r; WV a
434 Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea SR c (s), u (n); WV a
435 Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena T r (nw), ca (elsewhere) (spring); a (fall); SV & WV a
436 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea SR c; WV r (s,c), a (n)
437 Painted Bunting Passerina ciris T & SV r; SR r (sw), a (elsewhere)
438 Dickcissel Spiza americana SR c; WR r